Outline. Our BASIC NOTIONS seminar presents to undergraduate students some mathematical topics which are not normally covered in courses, and gives them better perspective on topics they do meet in class. The seminar aims at the thirdyear undergraduate level, but we do allow graduate students to sneak in.  
DATE: 2/1/2011, 15:0016:00 Speaker: Prof. Eugene Plotkin Title: Chevalley groups: why are they so important. Abstract. We intend to give an introduction to Chevalley group theory, and to show how to extend the intuition from linear groups to Chevalley groups. 

DATE: 19/12/2010, 15:0016:00 Speaker: Dr. Gil Ariel Title: MonteCarlo simulations Abstract. MonteCarlo simulations are a type of computational methods for calculating averaged quantities of complex systems such as fluids, proteins and many others. These methods are also used for numerical integration of multidimensional integrals for which a uniform discritization of the domain of integration is unpractical. From the mathematical point of view, MonteCarlo simulations are nothing but a clever application of the asymptotic properties of ergodic Markov chains. The talk will review the relevant properties of Markov chains and demonstrate their applications in a few example MonteCarlo computational schemes. 

DATE: 12/12/2010, 15:0016:00 Speaker: Dr. Michael Schein Title: Elliptic curves Abstract. An elliptic curve is a curve defined by a polynomial equation of degree 3. We will consider the set of rational points, and see that it can be endowed with a group structure. We will discuss the groups obtained in this manner (theorems of Mordell and Mazur), and applications to this interaction of geometry and abstract algebra.  
DATE: 5/12/2010 Chanukka vacation  
DATE: 28/11/2010, 15:0016:00 Speaker: Prof. Ely Merzbach Title: Brownian motion: some properties and applications  
DATE: 21/11/2010, 15:0016:00 Speaker: Prof. Yoram Louzon Title: How can an algorithm know what it sees by being probably approximately correct  An introduction to machine learning Abstract. Machine learning is the field of hypotheses development based on a limited set of observations. Very significant progress was performed in this field in the last twenty years with the introduction of new theoretical limits on the learning possibilities of machines and the development of algorithms reaching these limits. We will study the PAC (Probably approximately correct) framework of machine learning, as well as the VC dimension limiting the possibility of applying such learning. We will then discuss some machine learning algorihtms that can produce a hypothesis from a sample of data and understand the family of kernel machines.  
DATE: 14/11/2010, 15:0016:00 Speaker: Dr. Moshe Cohen Title: An introduction to Knot Theory via the Jones polynomials Abstract. A knot is an embedding of the circle in threedimensional space, but knot theorists prefer to look at the projection of the knot onto the plane along with the data at each crossing of which strand goes over and which goes under. This combinatorial picture is called a diagram. The primary goal in Knot Theory is distinguishing knots. By a theorem of Reidemeister, two diagrams represent the same knot if one can be transformed into the other by a sequence of three local moves. This will be a handson talk proving that the Jones polynomial is in fact invariant under these three Reidemeister moves and so can be used to distinguish knots.  
DATE: 7/11/2010, 15:0016:00 Speaker: Dr. Reuven Cohen Title: Fourier transforms in physics and engineering Abstract. Fourier transforms are one the most important tools in applied mathematics. In my lecture, I will discuss various appliactions in physics and engineering; explain what is the frequency space and why is it so convenient to use; and try to explain bandwidth and its connections to third generation cellular communication and radio and television broadcasting. I will aslo present uses of the Fourier transform in classical and (in particular) quantum physics. If time permits, I will discuss generalizations to other families with applications, and the connection to Lie groups.  
DATE: 31/10/2010, 15:0016:00 Speaker: Prof. Ron Adin Title: Coxeter groups Abstract. Coxeter Groups, named after a mathematician who lived up to the age of 96, form a very important family of groups. They have applications in geometry, algebra and combinatorics, with strong connections to such diverse notions as reflections, platonic solids, and Lie algebras. Some of these groups are fundamental to the drawings of M. C. Escher.  
DATE: 24/10/2010, 15:0016:00 Speaker: Prof. Louis Rowen Title: Introduction to Lie Algebras Abstract. Lie Algebras are the most important nonassociative alebraic structure. The speaker will tell you what they are, give various examples, and indicate the basics of their structure theory.  
DATE: 17/10/2010, 15:0016:00 Speaker: Prof. Uzi Vishne Title: Growth in groups Abstract. When you first encounter a finite group, you will ask for its order. However for infinite groups this strategy is of no value: basically all interesting infinite groups are either countable or of the cardinality of the continuum. In this talk, I will explain how we measure the rate at which an infinite group becomes infinite, and present various aspects of this multifaceted approach. 
Meetings will be held on Mondays, 14:0015:30, or Thursdays, 12:0013:30, in the coffee room (third floor).
(The seminar counts as `research activity', and so we ignore the strike). 
DATE: 9/7/2007, Monday, 14:00
Speaker: Prof. L. Rowen Title: Polynomial identities 

DATE: 2/7/2007, Monday, 14:00
Speaker: Dr. Meirav Amram Title: The braid group 

DATE: 25/6/2007, Monday, 14:00
Speaker: Dr. Uzi Vishne Title: GelfandKirillov dimension 

DATE: 18/6/2007, Monday, 14:00
Speaker: Dr. Uzi Vishne Title: Tensor products Abstract. I will review constructions, properties and examples of tensor products. 

DATE: 11/6/2007, Monday, 14:00
Speaker: Prof. Ron Adin Title: How many faces can a polytope have? 

DATE: 4/6/2007, Monday, 14:00
Speaker: Dr. Shmuel Dahari Title: Bernoulli numbers Abstract. The plan is to connect Bernoulli numbers to sums of powers, Riemann zeta function, and the Fermat's last theorem 

DATE: 27/5/2007, Monday, 14:00.
Speaker: Dr. Uzi Vishne Title: Cohomology of groups Abstract. I will present a detailed construction of the first cohomology groups H^i(G,), and will explain what features of the given group G do they measure. 

DATE: 17/5/2007
Speaker: Prof. Tanya Bandman Title: Genus 

DATE: 10/5/2007
Speaker: Prof. Malka Schaps Title: Basic notions behind the news: Calculating the representations of E8 Abstract. Basic Notions: Computation over finite fields, Representation of a group, and Exceptional and nonexceptional algebraic groups 

DATE: 3/5/2007
Speaker: Dr. Andre Reznikov Title: padic numbers 

DATE: 26/4/2007
Speaker: Dr. Tahl Novik Title: Knots 

DATE: 19/4/2007
Speaker: Prof. Misha Katz Title: E_7 and Gromov's systolic inequality 
Back to Uzi's homepage. 